19 november 2009

Indigenous groups key in climate change debate: Zoellick

(AFP) – 19 November 2009

WASHINGTON — World Bank chief Robert Zoellick said Wednesday it was critical for indigenous people to be included in climate change talks, saying they were among groups most affected by global warming.

Two weeks before the opening of a major United Nations conference on climate change in Copenhagen, Zoellick said indigenous peoples carried a "disproportionate share of the burden of climate change effects."

He spoke at a Washington roundtable that brought together native and tribal group representatives from around the world as well as non-governmental organizations, the private sector and other groups for climate change talks.

They were aimed at helping to set up a so-called Indigenous Peoples Climate Action Fund to provide direct financing to selected indigenous communities around the world.

The fund will be used to, among other objectives, strengthen the capacity of indigenous peoples' communities to influence decision-making and to engage in dialogue on climate change at the national and international level.

"Climate change exacerbates the difficulties that indigenous communities already face -- including loss of land and resources, lower human development indicators, discrimination, unemployment, and economic and political marginalization," Zoellick lamented.

With their long experience in managing natural resources and adapting to climate change, he said the native and tribal groups could "also add to our knowledge and understanding of how best to cope with this complex challenge."

Zoellick cited several examples of how, in different parts of the world, the knowledge and experience of indigenous peoples was helping them cope with some of the already inevitable impacts of climate change.

In parts of Africa, he said, indigenous peoples had long made use of the dry land conditions -- by growing Red bush tea, for instance.

In the Marshall Islands, they have found ways to use blocks of coral to protect fresh water supplies from salt water contamination, while in Vietnam they plant dense mangroves along the shores to protect the coastline, he said.

In Australia, Zoellick said, aboriginal communities were using traditional controlled burning to keep the undergrowth under control, helping to prevent giant fires that devastate entire landscapes and released massive amounts of carbon into the atmosphere.

Some 192 countries attending crunch UN climate talks in Copenhagen next month are set to push for a political deal to prepare the way for a binding pact next year to follow on from the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2012.

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