28 august 2018

French environment minister quits live on radio with anti-Macron broadside

Nicolas Hulot says he is leaving government because president is not doing enough to meet environmental goals

Angelique Chrisafis in Paris, The Guardian, Tue 28 Aug 2018

Emmanuel Macron’s climate commitment to “make this planet great again” has come under attack after his environment minister dramatically quit, saying the French president was not doing enough to meet environmental goals.

Nicolas Hulot, a celebrity environmentalist and former TV presenter, announced on a radio breakfast show that he was leaving the government over “an accumulation of disappointments” with its measures to tackle climate change, defend biodiversity and address other environmental threats.

Hulot’s departure is a major blow to Macron and calls into question the president’s credibility on the environment. Though he did not make environmental issues a major part of his election manifesto last year, he subsequently attempted to push them to the forefront as a symbol of progressive politics and to counter Donald Trump’s decision to take the US out of the Paris climate accord.

Hulot, who was one of the most popular ministers in government, told French radio the “mini steps” taken by France and other nations to slow global warming and avert a collapse of biodiversity were inadequate. “I don’t want to create the illusion that we’re facing up to it,” he said. “I can’t lie to myself any more.”

Hulot announced his departure after the government said it would relax hunting laws, a measure aimed at boosting Macron’s appeal in rural areas, but seen by environmentalists as caving in to the powerful hunting lobby.

Under the changes, hunting licences would be cheaper and more species could be shot, sparking outrage among campaigners for the protection of birds. Hulot said lobbies had too much power over the French government.

Hulot’s differences with the government had been exposed in recent months. He had been disappointed when the government backtracked on a target to reduce reliance on nuclear power to 50% of the country’s energy mix by 2025.

He had also sought a legal ban on the controversial weedkiller glyphosate but was overruled by the agriculture ministry, which preferred negotiating directly with farmers and industry.

The government was taken by surprise by Hulot’s announcement live on radio. Macron, who was beginning a visit to Denmark, was not informed beforehand.

The Elysée, asked about Hulot’s concern over the influence of lobbyists, said the government listened to people but made decisions in the general interest.

The departure of Hulot, seen as a major figure on the left, threatens to upset Macron’s delicate political balancing act, trying to style himself as a centrist who can appeal to both left and right in France.

He has lost support on the left in recent weeks and his approval ratings have dipped as he struggles to shake off the label “president of the rich”. Over the summer, he faced the first major political scandal of his presidency when a senior security aide was filmed violently assaulting a young man and woman at the edge of a Paris demonstration.

“The most basic of courtesies would have been to warn the president of the republic and the prime minister,” government spokesman Benjamin Griveaux told the BFM news channel after Hulot quit.

Richard Ferrand, the head of the parliamentary group of Macron’s party, La République En Marche, said politicians and the government had worked hard with Hulot to meet climate challenges. “We’ll keep going with the same determination,” he added.

Hulot was formerly the star presenter of the hit environmental TV programme Ushuaïa and had turned down offers to enter government by previous French presidents.

In February, he denied a magazine report of a historic allegation of sexual assault made against him by a woman in the 1990s.

After the anti-nuclear Hulot quit, shares in French state power company EDF rose more than 2% in early trading. Hulot had repeatedly said EDF must close up to a third of its 58 reactors to reduce the share of nuclear energy.


[4C Note: We are shocked by this resignation. Hulot was one of France's most important climcate activists. His appointment in May 2017 appeared to many of us a sign that Macron was serious about wanting to combat climate change. His loss suggests that the French President is more serious about making it easier for French companies to fire workers than about preserving a livable climate for companies and workers everywhere.

If you read French, an article in Le Monde can be found here.

Further press coverage:
In "France’s Environment Minister Resigns Live on Radio, a Blow to Macron", the New York Times reported that Hulot "said that he had considered quitting for several months after an “accumulation of disappointments,” but that the decision was precipitated on Monday night when he saw an uninvited lobbyist at a meeting with the president over a relaxation of hunting rules. He called that episode 'symptomatic' of the influence of lobbyists in 'circles of power.'" The NY Times article concluded with Hulot's 'lament' at the time of his resignation: "'The planet is becoming a sauna, our natural resources are running out, biodiversity is melting like snow in the sun, and it still isn’t being handled like a priority issue,'”

In addition: The following was sent to us today by a representative of the French affiliate of the Climate Action Network (Réseau Action Climat).

Dear all,

FYI, The French Minister for the ecological and inclusive transition, Nicolas Hulot, resigned this morning (live on radio, without notifying the President and Prime Minister beforehand).

This comes after several rollbacks from the French Government on biodiversity, environment and climate and after the news that France missed its emission reductions goals in 2016 and very likely in 2017. Hulot said he was "alone", did not get enough support from the Government and the MPs and that even if there were some small wins, this would not be enough to be to tackle the climate crisis.

This comes as a bad signal as it underlines the fact that Macron and his Government don't really consider climate and environment as priorities at the national level. We have no idea about the potential political consequences of his decision at the national and EU level. It is also likely that the Minister who will replace Hulot will not be as progressive as he was.

We will keep you posted once we know more about what's next.


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